This article is about the usage of the term for the ruler of Egypt during the time of Joseph(P) and Moses(P) in the Qur’an. During the time of Joseph(P), the ruler of Egypt is addressed as King (Malik, in Arabic). And during the time of Moses(P), the ruler is called the Pharaoh (Fir’awn, in Arabic). This usage is consistent through out the Qur’an.
Below are some of the example verses from the Qur’an dealing with the ruler of Egypt during the time of Joseph(P) and Moses(P).
1. Joseph(P) & The King Of Egypt
A few examples of the usage of the word King during the time of Joseph(P) are underlined in red in the Arabic text.
The king (of Egypt) said: “I do see (in a vision) seven fat kine, whom seven lean ones devour, and seven green ears of corn, and seven (others) withered. O ye chiefs! expound to me my vision, if it be that ye can interpret visions.” [Qur’an 12:43]
They said: “We miss the great beaker of the king; for him who produces it, is (the reward of) a camel-load; I will be bound by it.” [Qur’an 12:72]
More information about the usage of the word King during the time of Joseph(P) can be found in the Surah Yusuf.
2. Moses(P) & The Pharaoh Of Egypt
A few examples of the usage of the word Pharaoh during the time of Moses(P) underlined in red in Arabic text.
Moses said: “O Pharaoh! I am a messenger from the Lord of the Worlds. [Qur’an 7:104]
Then after them sent We Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh and his chiefs with Our Signs. But they were arrogant: they were a people in sin. [Qur’an 10:75]
And there are more examples of the usage of Pharaoh during the time of Moses(P) can be found in many other verses.
3. Egyptology At Our Rescue
(from Egyptian per ‘aa, “great house”) , originally, the royal palace in ancient Egypt; the word came to be used as a synonym for the Egyptian king under the New Kingdom (starting in the 18th dynasty, 1539-1292 BC), and by the 22nd dynasty (c. 945-c. 730 BC) it had been adopted as an epithet of respect. The term has since evolved into a generic name for all ancient Egyptian kings, although it was never formally the king’s title.